41 sampling sites throughout the Neponset watershed are tested each month by a growing band of volunteers. From May to October, each site is tested once a month and the water quality data compiled from CWMN is essential to locate suspected contaminated areas and follow up on the source of contamination during the Hotspot Water Sampling Program.
CWMN is an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-approved, volunteer-based approach to water quality monitoring. Active since 1995, CWMN provides critical scientific data that enable us to advocate for the cleanup of pollution.
CWMN volunteers take water samples at sites throughout the Neponset River Watershed, assessing the sites and water for:
- Depth of the water body
- Rate of water flow
- Clarity, color and odor of the water
- Temperature of the air & water
- Current and prior weather
- Dissolved oxygen levels
The watershed association and various laboratories then test the water samples for:
- Presence of E.coli bacteria
- Total Phosphorus
- Total Nitrogen
- Chlorophyll a
Why is water monitoring needed?
We monitor water quality around the Neponset River Watershed in order to catch and reduce both “point source” and “non-point source pollution.” Both types of pollution are responsible for degrading water quality, injuring wildlife, damaging wildlife habitat, degrading recreational resources (e.g., for fishing, swimming and boating), and damaging human health.
Whereas “point source” pollution originates from a single, identifiable source (i.e., a leaking sewer pipe), “nonpoint source” pollution originates from a variety of sources. For example, in a residential neighborhood, nonpoint source pollution may contain fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, ice-melt products, pet waste, anti-freeze, motor oil, car exhaust products, and litter, that all flow together over the ground when it rains, yielding contaminated stormwater.
Water quality testing enables us to identify waters with high levels of pollutants and then find and stop that pollution (especially point source pollution) at its source.
To become a regular CWMN volunteer (or an emergency contact volunteer – a substitute for water monitors who occasionally cannot participate), contact our Environmental Science Fellow, Annie O’Connell, at 781-575-0354 x306 or o’email@example.com. Regular volunteers need to attend a training session and commit to test an assigned site. Emergency contact volunteers need to attend training and be ready to help when contacted.
Volunteers are needed to take water samples at several area locations for the upcoming CWMN season. Water sampling takes place 6 times from May to October. Each volunteer has a specific site or sites where they sample from. Samples are taken between 6:00 AM and 7:30 AM in the morning and then taken to one of our four area Drop-off locations. Sampling typically takes 15-20 minutes from the time the volunteer gets to the site to the time they depart for the Drop-off location. Once at the Drop-off location the volunteer hands off the samples to the Drop-off Coordinator and fills out some simple paperwork.
Dissolved Oxygen Sampling
Volunteers who monitor dissolved oxygen levels are given a route with several sites and driving directions. Prior to the day of sampling the volunteer will come by the NepRWA offices and pick up a handheld dissolved oxygen meter and some supplies. On the day of sampling volunteers will go from site to site with the handheld meter and measure oxygen levels at five or six different locations. Each route is designed so that sites are not too far from each other and most can be completed in an hour or two depending on traffic on the day of sampling. Training will be provided on how to properly calibrate use the meter and record the necessary information on the paper field sheets.
Coordinators come and pick up supplies at the NepRWA offices a few days prior to the sampling event. On the day of sampling Coordinators typically arrive at the drop-off location around 6:15 AM and leave to deliver samples to our offices in Canton no later than 7:45 AM. Once at the NepRWA office the samples are unloaded and some paperwork is filled out completing the Coordinators duties. Typically the time commitment associated with this position is 2.5-3 hours on the day of sampling. Lifting of coolers with ice and water samples is required.
Transport to MWRA laboratory on Deer Island
One volunteer is needed to take all of the samples from our offices in Canton to the laboratory on Deer Island. The volunteer arrives at the office at 8:30 AM on the day of sampling and takes possession of the water samples distributed in 4 large coolers. The driver then transports the coolers and paperwork to the laboratory. Once at the Deer Island facility the driver will take the coolers and paperwork into the laboratory receiving area where the samples are logged in and paperwork is filled out. Typically the time commitment associated with this position is 2.5-3 hours on the day of sampling. Once the samples have been dropped off the coolers and paperwork are returned to the NepRWA offices along with any supplies handed off to the driver from the laboratory staff (typically a few boxes of empty sample bottles).
If you would like to know more about the program, please contact Field Sampling Coordinator, Annie O’Connell, at o’firstname.lastname@example.org or 781-575-0354 x306.
We also work with towns to site stormwater-filtering structures in their communities, and we educate the residents of our watershed communities about how to reduce the pollution that enters waterways.
You can find out more about reducing residential stormwater by contacting our Environmental Scientist, Chris Hirsch, at email@example.com. or 781-575-0354 x302.